Spanish Title: Factores de riesgo asociados a incontinencia urinaria en una población de mujeres en edad fértil de Bucaramanga, 2011
Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with urinary incontinence in women of childbearing age of 10-49 years living in Girardot neighborhood, Bucaramanga 2011.
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study. 80 women (34 ± 11.9 years) selected by convenience were surveyed by interview, between March and May 2011. Association was established by simple and multiple Poisson regressions. The dependent variable was urinary incontinence defined as a score greater than zero on the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF).
Results: The prevalence of urinary incontinence was 63.75% (95% CI 52.24 to 74.21), the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence was 50% (95% CI 38.8 to 61.2) and urgency was 11.3% (95% CI 4.2 to 18.3). In multivariate analysis, we found no association between active smoking and urinary incontinence [PR 1.6 (95% CI 1.3-2.1)].
Conclusion: Identifying risk factors associated with urinary incontinence is important to develop interventions that reduce the burden of this phenomenon in the general population.
Keywords: Risk factors, smoking, urinary incontinence, women, prevalence