Health related quality of life and urinary incontinence in women with overweight and obesity in Bucaramanga, Colombia

Carreño, L.M. and Angarita-Fonseca, A. and Pinto, A.L. and Delgado, A.N. and García, L.M.
Revista Ciencias de la Salud, 13(1): 63-76, 2015

Spanish Title: Calidad de vida relacionada con salud e incontinencia urinaria en mujeres con exceso de peso de Bucaramanga, Colombia


Objective: To determine the association between quality of life health-related (HRQL) and urinary incontinence (UI) in a population of overweight women in the urban area of Bucaramanga, Colombia.
Materials and methods: An analytic cross-sectional study was conducted in March and May 2012. The sample consisted of 63 randomly selected women; the median age was 46 years with a minimum of 18 and a maximum of 65 years, 76 % were overweight, and 24 % obese. We assessed the HRQL with the SF-36 questionnaire and lower urinary tract symptoms quality of life questionnaire (ICIQ-FLUTSqol). Urinary incontinence was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence questionnaire, short-form (ICIQ-IU Short Form).
Results: The overall prevalence of UI was 39.7 %; 28.6 % was Stress UI, mixed UI 11.1 %. There were no statistically significant differences in the eight dimensions of SF-36 in women with and without UI. The dimension with the lowest score in women with IU was Energy-Fatigue (63.4). The HRQL scores assessed with ICIQ-FLUTSqol questionnaire was 27 with a minimum of 20 and a maximum of 55.
Conclusion: In women with overweight, we do not found statistically significant differences in the eight dimensions of HR-QOL when comparing women with and without UI.

Keywords: Quality of life, Women’s health, Urinary incontinence, Body Mass Index, Obesity, Overweight.

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