Knowledge toward healthy housing in two neighborhoods from Bucaramanga, Colombia – 2012

Gutiérrez Zehr, J. and Angarita Fonseca, A. and Morales Ramírez, E. and Tarazona Suarez, A. A. and Valderrama Carrasco, A. M. and Mejía Betancourth, S. Y. and Solano Gutiérrez, L.
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud, 46(2): 169-176, 2014

Spanish Title: Conocimientos sobre vivienda saludable en dos barrios de Bucaramanga, Colombia – 2012


Objective: To determine knowledge about healthy housing in two communities within Bucaramanga.
Methodology: A transversal descriptive study was made with 100 parents or caregivers of children belonging to homes of the Instituto de Bienestar Familiar from Estoraques and Girardot neighborhoods. The collected variables were sociodemographic and knowledge of healthy housing, through responding questionnaire built by the authors. In the statistical analysis measures of central tendency and dispersion for quantitative variables and absolute and relative frequency for qualitative variables, were applied. A test with alpha level < 0.05, was considered statistically significant.
Results: The questions that were answered correctly in a small proportion were those about the actions related to accident prevention in children (A safe home means having good deeds, of the following which in the most appropriate) with 7%; two related to dengue fever, the first one (From the following actions to prevent dengue fever, which is not appropriate) with 8% and the second (Which of the following is not an option to protect ourselves from mosquito bites) with 35%; on a scale of 0 to 12 the average was 6.7 ± 1.8 and no statistically significant differences by age, sex, and previous education were found.
Conclusion: It is necessary to implement programs that increase And strengthen knowledge about healthy housing, empowerment, adaptation, management, use and maintenance of the home and its surroundings, safely and with quality, as well as guidance to promote healthy protective practices, promoting health and preventing domestic accidents and diseases, by discouraging attitudes and habits that may constitute a risk for the family and home.

Keywords: Housing, health, Knowledge