Relationship between environmental factors and child rearing practices on body mass index of preschool children residents of children’s homes from Floridablanca, Colombia

Prada Gómez, G.E. and Gutierrez, M.P. and Sánchez, X.L. and Rueda, L.P. and Angarita, A.
Revista Chilena de Nutricion, 41(3): 284-291, 2014

Spanish Title: Asociación entre factores ambientales y pautas de crianza con el Índice de Masa Corporal de preescolares de hogares infantiles de Floridablanca, Colombia


The association of environmental factors and child-rearing practices with body mass index z-score (BMIZ) in children residents of Children’s Homes from Floridablanca, Colombia was studied. A random sample of 176 preschool children aged 3-6 years was weighed and measured, their parents or caregiver were also measured and they answered a survey. The generalized linear model showed that BMIZ increased significantly with children’s age (β=0.02), children’s sex (male β=0.27), mother’s occupation (homemaker β=0.29), mother’s overweight (β=0.20), person who accompanies children while they eat (relatives β=0,49; anyone or non-relative β=0.40), person who cooks (grandmother β=0.55), adequate time spent on eating by children (β=0.54), and overeating (0.51). BMIZ decreased significantly with mother’s occupation (looking for a job or student β=-0.43), maternal history of hypertension (β=-0.26), motivation to eat (β=-0.59) and pressure to eat (β=-0.55).

Keywords: Child rearing, risk factors, body mass index, pediatric obesity, feeding behavior.

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