Participation in a fitness and functional capacity program in patients undergoing angioplasty for acute coronary syndrome

Sánchez-Delgado, J.C. and Angarita-Fonseca, A. and Parra-Patiño, J.
Fisioterapia, 37(3): 112-119, 2015

Spanish Title: Participación en un programa de acondicionamiento físico y capacidad funcional en sujetos sometidos a angioplastia por síndrome coronario agudo


Objective: To describe the functional capacity of subjects who participated compared to those who did not participate in a Fitness program after undergoing coronary angioplasty.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 19 subjects (68.4% men) with acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary angioplasty between June and August 2010, who were appropriate for conducting a stress test. The dependent variable was functional capacity assessed by the modified Bruce and Bruce protocols. The main independent variable was participation in the fitness program. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to establish the variables associated with functional capacity.
Results: We found that the subjects who attended the program achieved 2.57 MET above those who did not attend the program (p=.003), adjusted for history of hypertension and obesity. Conversely, obese people reached 3.04 MET less when compared with non-obese individuals, adjusted for program assistance and hypertension (p=.003).
Conclusions: In the adjusted analysis, an association was found between participation in a fitness program and functional capacity. Thus, inclusion and participation of subjects who have received percutaneous revascularization in a fitness program within their rehabilitation process is recommended.

Keywords: Exercise, Obesity, Myocardial infarction, Angioplasty